The Royal Palace of Budapest was destroyed and rebuilt about 6 times. The Royal Palace, during its long history hosted Kings and Queens, but also invaders like the Turks. It was also a residence for some members of the Habsburg family. Nowadays the Royal Palace safeguards important museums, which we can visit during a trip in Budapest, such as the National Gallery, the National Museum and many statues and other monuments. The Royal Palace represents the main attraction of the Castle Hill district and one of the most visited sight of the Capital.
Citadella is a must-see part of a journey in Budapest. This spectacle at the top of Gellert hill is a fortress that has never known struggles. It was built by the Habsburgs after the independence war of 1848-9 to defend the city from other insurrections. Later, the political climate changed, making the fortress obsolete. Today, the Citadella hosts some weapons and a war museum situated in a large air-raid shelter from WWII. It houses wax statues and a large exhibition with wartime photographs of Budapest. The bunker has three floors and 17 rooms. Enjoy the great view from the top of the hill over the city, the Danube and its eight bridges.
The Castle hill, called also Castle district, is a calcareous 1 km long plateau that rises 170 m above the Danube. This area is separated in two parts: the Royal Palace and the old city. The quickest way to climb to the top is an unusual funicular that looks like three boxes stuck together. The most important church in the Buda's Castle district is the Matthias Church. The church is dedicated to King Matthias that married Beatrice here in 1474. The architectonic style is Neo-gothic, the church praises a beautiful roof made of coloured shingles and elegant pinnacles. It is better if you go to a private excursion in Budapest, because you can get a more comprehensive picture of the castle. The tour guide can show you many interesting things about the castle and bring you to places where you can not enter alone.
The interior is embellish by artistic glass walls and frescos. Just in front of the church there are the Fishermen's Bastions, a Neo-Gothic tantrum that most of the tourists (and also Hungarians) confuse with a Medieval construction. Built in 1905 as a panoramic point by the architect Frigyes Schulek, the Fishermen's Bastions owes its name to the namesake corporation that during the Middle Ages was responsible of the defence of this part of ramparts. The seven shining towers represent the seven magyar clans’ leaders that settled down in the Carpathian Basin at the end of the IX century. The Castle district offers stupendous panoramic views of the Pest cityscape and of the Danube River.